Biochemistry Department

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Image representing difference of Normal mRNA and defective mRNA. Normal has circular pathway; defective is one direction.

MCB RNA Faculty Candidate Seminar: Dr. Michael R. Lawson (Stanford University School of Medicine) “Defining the Pathways of Eukaryotic Translational Quality Control”

Event Type
Seminar/Symposium
Sponsor
The School of Molecular and Cellular Biology (HOST: Dr. Hong Jin, Biochemistry)
Location
Charles G. Miller Auditorium, B102 Chemical and Life Sciences Laboratory
Date
Mar 20, 2023   2:00 pm  
Speaker
Michael R. Lawson, PhD
Contact
Cara Day
E-Mail
caraday@illinois.edu
Phone
217-333-2013
Views
22
Originating Calendar
Biochemistry Department Seminars

This seminar has been cancelled. It will be rescheduled at a later date. [New date/time will be Wednesday, March 29 from 1:00-2:00 pm.]

*** NOTE: Time & Date is Monday, March 20th from 2:00-3:00 PM *** 

ABSTRACT:  My research examines how protein synthesis concludes on normal and defective mRNAs. Understanding how these processes are choregraphed is crucial for human health; for example, 11% of all heritable human diseases are caused by premature stop codons. As a postdoctoral fellow, I defined the molecular events that liberate polypeptides from ribosomes as translation concludes on normal mRNAs. Using an in vitro reconstituted yeast translation system and single-molecule assays, I tracked the interplay of eukaryotic release factors (eRF1 and eRF3) with ribosomes halted at stop codons. I discovered that eRF1 and eRF3 act together to quickly recognize stop codons and elicit termination via a tightly regulated process that resembles how ribosomes select proper tRNAs in translation elongation, which explains how translation termination is fast yet also specific for stop codons. Since the release factors are well conserved throughout eukaryotes, these mechanisms are likely a fundamental feature of eukaryotic protein synthesis. My work also revealed that diverse effectors inhibit translation termination to promote stop codon readthrough, suggesting a new route to treat diseases caused by premature stop codons which includes cystic fibrosis and hereditary cancers. In the future, I will use single-molecule and structural approaches to watch translation unfold on defective mRNAs to understand the molecular events used to evaluate mRNAs and prevent the repeated synthesis of toxic proteins. 

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