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QSQM Junior Research Hour: "Quantum Geometry and Orbital Frustration in Twisted Bilayer Graphene", Haidong Tian, Ohio State University

Event Type
Quantum Sensing and Quantum Materials (QSQM)
UIUC: 2008 Superconductivity Room | SLAC: 130 McCullough Building
Apr 24, 2024   1:00 - 2:00 pm  
Haidong Tian, Ohio State University
Dipanjan Chaudhuri
Originating Calendar
QSQM Events

Quantum Geometry and Orbital Frustration in Twisted Bilayer Graphene

Quenched kinetic energy dominated over by on-site Coulomb interactions in the flat band presents twisted bilayer graphene as an exceptional platform to explore correlated phenomena. The emergence of superconductivity in such a system with slow velocity and small carrier density, is particularly interesting yet appears to be paradoxical under the framework of the conventional BCS theory. In the first part of my talk, I will demonstrate that, the dominating quantum geometric contribution to the superfluid stiffness resolves the paradox, and the band velocity constitutes a new limiting mechanism for the critical current analogous to a relativistic superfluid. At denominator 3 fractional fillings, Coulomb interactions and the Wannier orbital shapes are predicted to strongly constrain spatial charge ordering, leading to geometrically frustrated ground states that produce a new class of correlated insulators. In the second part of my talk, I will demonstrate the observation of dominant denominator 3 fractional filling insulating states, and the magnetic ordering signatures and tripled unit cell reconstruction these states display.

About the QSQM: The EFRC-QSQM center aims to develop and apply nontrivial quantum sensing to measure and correlate local and nonlocal quantum observables in exotic superconductors, topological crystalline insulators, and strange metals. The center is led by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in partnership with the University of Illinois at Chicago and the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.

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