Speaker: Felix Leditzky

Topic: Probing multipartite entanglement through persistent homology (https://arxiv.org/abs/2307.07492)

Abstract:

We propose a study of multipartite entanglement through persistent homology, a tool used in topological data analysis. In persistent homology, a 1-parameter filtration of simplicial complexes called persistence complex is used to reveal persistent topological features of the underlying data set. This is achieved via the computation of homological invariants that can be visualized as a persistence barcode encoding all relevant topological information. In this work, we apply this technique to study multipartite quantum systems by interpreting the individual systems as vertices of a simplicial complex. To construct a persistence complex from a given multipartite quantum state, we use a generalization of the bipartite mutual information called the deformed total correlation. Computing the persistence barcodes of this complex yields a visualization or `topological fingerprint' of the multipartite entanglement in the quantum state. The barcodes can also be used to compute a topological summary called the integrated Euler characteristic of a persistence complex. We show that in our case this integrated Euler characteristic is equal to the deformed interaction information, another multipartite version of mutual information. When choosing the linear entropy as the underlying entropy, this deformed interaction information coincides with the n-tangle, a well-known entanglement measure. The persistence barcodes thus provide more fine-grained information about the entanglement structure than its topological summary, the n-tangle, alone, which we illustrate with examples of pairs of states with identical n-tangle but different barcodes. Furthermore, a variant of persistent homology computed relative to a fixed subset yields an interesting connection to strong subadditivity and entropy inequalities. We also comment on a possible generalization of our approach to arbitrary resource theories.

This is the weekly seminar of the Quantum Working Group. We discuss selected topics in quantum theory and quantum information theory, operator algebras, mathematical physics, etc. Everyone is welcome to attend! See the current schedule with an overview of speakers and topics. Please contact Roy Araiza (raraiza@illinois.edu) or Felix Leditzky (leditzky@illinois.edu) if you have any questions.