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Astrophysics, Gravitation and Cosmology Seminar - "Quantum simulators for fundamental physics"

Event Type
Seminar/Symposium
Sponsor
Department of Physics
Location
464 Loomis
Date
Feb 26, 2020   12:00 pm  
Speaker
Silke Weinfurtner, The University of Nottingham
Contact
Betsy Greifenkamp
E-Mail
greifenk@illinois.edu
Views
50
Originating Calendar
Physics - Astrophysics, Gravitation, and Cosmology Seminar

The dynamics of the early universe and black holes are fundamental reflections of the interplay between general relativity and quantum fields. The essential physical processes occur in situations that are difficult to observe and impossible to experiment with: when gravitational interactions are strong, quantum effects are important, and theoretical predictions for these regimes are based on major extrapolations of laboratory-tested physics. 

 

We will discuss the possibility to study these processes in experiments by employing analogue classical/quantum simulators – systems (e.g. immiscible 2-fluid systems, ultra-cold atoms, superfluid 4He, and non-linear optical fibres) whose excitations behave like classical/quantum fields in a spacetime background. Their high degree of tunability, in terms of dynamics, effective geometry, and field theoretical description, allows one to emulate a wide range of elusive physical phenomena in a controlled laboratory setting. We will discuss two recent developments in this area of research: first order phase transition in quantum field theory and the black hole relaxation process.

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