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Beyond Heisenberg Solids: From Multi-Spin Interactions to Novel Magnetic Particles

Event Type
Seminar/Symposium
Sponsor
Illinois Materials Research Science and Engineering Center
Location
280 Materials Research Laboratory
Date
Mar 22, 2022   2:30 pm   3:30 pm
Speaker
Prof. Stefan Bl├╝gel
Contact
Pamela Pina-Martin
E-Mail
pmartin9@illinois.edu
Phone
217-300-6699
Views
7
Originating Calendar
Physics - Departmental Events

It became customary to study the stability, lifetime, dynamics, thermodynamics and transport properties of localized nanoscale magnetization particles such as skyrmionics by classical spin-lattice models with pairwise Heisenberg-type exchange interactions. The mapping of fermionic many-body systems onto a classical Heisenberg model is a nontrivial thing and by far not unique. In this presentation I motivate beyond Heisenberg multi-spin interactions [1]. I give examples, where these interactions play a decisive role [2]. I focus on MnGe in the B20- phase,  which exhibits a three-dimensional spin-texture. We introduce a novel class of magnetic exchange interactions [3] – the topological-chiral interactions (TCI) rooted in the socalled topological orbital moment, which manifests as a result of finite scalar spin chirality in non-coplanar magnets. The long-wave length limit of the interactions relates to the highly acclaimed Faddeev model demonstrating that the interaction is an origin of 3D magnetization textures all the way down to hopfions. 

[1] M. Hoffmann, S. Blügel, PRB 10, 024418 (2019). 

[2] A. Krönlein, M. Schmitt, M. Hoffmann, J. Kemmer, N. Seubert, M. Vogt, J. Küspert, M. Böhme, B. Alonazi, J. Kügel, H. A. Albrithen, M. Bode, G. Bihlmayer, and S. Blügel, PRL 120, 207202 (2018). 

[3] S. Grytsiuk, J.-P. Hanke, M. Hoffmann, J. Bouaziz, O. Gomonay, G. Bihlmayer, S. Lounis, Y. Mokrousov, S. Blügel, Nat. Commun. 11, 511 (2020). 

Bio:  Stefan Blügel is Full Professor at the Department of Physics of the German Excellence University RWTH Aachen and he is Institute Director of the department Quantum Theory of Materials member of the Peter Grünberg Institute and the Institute for Advanced Simulation.

He studied Physics at the University of Saarbrücken in Germany, at the college of William and Mary in Virginia (US) and at the RWTH Aachen University where he finished his Master degree in physics in 1977, his PhD in Physics in 1988 and his Habilitation in Physics in 1996. He was postdoc between 1988 and 1990 with Professor Terakura at the Institute for Solid State Physics at the Tokyo University in Japan.

The scientific key-interest of Stefan Blügel lies in the field of Density functional theory in combination with magnetism, spintronics, spin-orbit related phenomena, low-dimensional physics, 2D-materials and quantum materials. He and his group develop all-electron density functional theory methods for these fields, in particular the Full-potential Linearized Augmented Plane Wave  open source code FLEUR and also Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker Green function methods. He tries to develop these methods in the direction of exascale and high-throughput computing. He is one of the discoverers of the interface Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction.

He advised about 77 PhD students, published about 540 papers in refereed journals which have cited about 24000 times. He received several national prizes and a Synergy Grant of the European Research Council.

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