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INHS Seminar - Don't Count Your Eggs Before They Hatch: A “One Health” Investigation of Antimicrobial Resistance at the Intersection of Small-Scale Agricultural Development and Global Health in Northwestern Ecuador

Event Type
Illinois Natural History Survey Seminar Committee
1005 Forbes Natural History Building, 1816 S Oak Street, Champaign
Nov 14, 2019   3:30 pm  
Hayden Hedman, Ph.D.
Nohra Mateus-Pinilla
Originating Calendar
INHS Events

My doctoral research focused  primarily on the spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) between poultry and humans in rural Ecuador. I focused my research at the confluence of epidemiology and microbial ecology to understand the emergence of infectious diseases within animals, humans, and the environment (i.e. a One Health approach). Agricultural AMR is a growing threat that carries relevance in all countries. In my research, I generated empirical data and used a variety of laboratory and field methods to: 1) investigate antimicrobial resistant bacteria in humans and food-animals; 2) apply spatial statistical models to predict AMR spread in natural environments; 3) use molecular microbiologic techniques to screen clinically relevant antimicrobial-resistant genes (ARGs) present in the microbial community of humans and animals; 4) analyze free-range chicken movement patterns as sentinels for zoonotic disease mapping; and 5) use ethnographic methods to better understand perceptions and attitudes towards the shift from subsistence animal farming to industrial food animal production. My doctoral work provides a framework for evaluating agricultural AMR emergence at fine temporal and spatial scales.

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