Speakers

Back to Listing

Biochemistry Seminar: Dr. Kevin Gardner (Structural Biology Initiative, CUNY Advanced Science Research Center, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, City College of New York), “Ligand-regulated protein/protein interaction domains: Using biochemistry to turn Nature’s switches into scientists’ tools"

Event Type
Seminar/Symposium
Topics
biochemistry, biological sciences, host-pathogen interactions, microbial physiology, microbiology, molecular biology, molecular evolution, protein structure, regulation of gene expression, signal trasduction
Sponsor
Dr. Kai Zhang, Department of Biochemistry
Location
Zoom Meeting Link https://illinois.zoom.us/j/93301854509 Meeting ID: 933 0185 4509 (Request Meeting Passcode – via sunkraut@illinois.edu or your department office admin assistant)
Virtual
Date
Oct 2, 2020   12:00 pm  
Speaker
Dr. Kevin Gardner, City College of New York
Contact
Sherry Unkraut
E-Mail
sunkraut@illinois.edu
Phone
217-333-2013
Views
18
Originating Calendar
Biochemistry Department Seminars

Abstract:

Environmental cues regulate many biological processes, often initiated by sensory protein domains which use small molecule ligands to convert environmentally-triggered changes into altered protein/protein interactions. Several families of these domains have evolved with remarkable diversity in their inputs and outputs. Using a combination of biophysics, biochemistry and synthetic chemistry, we seek to gain insight into the mechanistic controls of such environmental sensing domains for both fundamental understanding and subsequent artificial control.

 

Here I will discuss examples of our work exploring how the Period-ARNT-Singleminded (PAS) and Light-Oxygen-Voltage (LOV) protein domains convert changes in biochemical stimuli into control of a wide range of output functions. Biophysical and biochemical studies of these proteins have given us the mechanistic understanding needed to develop the artificial regulation of such systems, both in vitro and in living cells. Taken together, our work provides an integrated view of a fascinating class of natural switches and has demonstrated routes by which these can be manipulated to achieve desired therapeutic and/or technological outcomes.

link for robots only