Kazakhstan's Language Ecology
Kazakh and Russian co-exist in modern-day Kazakh as the legacy of Soviet-era language planning. Early research on language diversity in Kazakhstan assumed a zero-sum game in which one dominant language would necessarily wipe out the other. In reality, while twenty-five years of nationalist language policy has raised the profile of Kazakh considerably, Russian remains an important lingua franca. This lecture explores data on language use and language attitudes in Kazakhstan, and how the two languages complement or potentially conflict with one another.