With rapid economic growth and increased wellbeing over the past four decades, income inequality in China has deteriorated. While many researchers have studied income inequality in China, research addressing health inequality has been scanty. Using the 2013 and 2015 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study data, we study self-assessed health among people aged 45 and over, and analyze the factors influencing their subjective health. We first applied generalized ordered logit model to analyze how income, education, gender, age, marriage status, sleep time, and region affect health. Based on the results from the generalized ordered logit model, we estimated health inequality among these middle-aged and elderly Chinese.
Dr. Hongliang Wang is Professor of School of Economics at Nanjing Audit University, China. His research interests include socioeconomic health inequality, income inequality, and economic mobility. Dr. Wang received his PhD in Management from Nanjing Agricultural University, China. He is currently a visiting scholar at the Center for East Asian and Pacific Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.