The European Union (EU) currently faces many challenges, one of the most serious of which is a crisis of migration. Turkey is of crucial importance in this process: it is a transit country through which an important migration route towards Western Europe passes. Turkey has become a place of political asylum for more than two million Syrian refugees who escaped from the civil war in their country. The migration crisis led to a revitalization of the relationship between Turkey and the EU, and ultimately to the signing of the refugee deal, with its supposed solutions to the migration crisis. This new approach will be illustrated in comparison to Turkey's relationship with the EU prior to the 2013 crisis. Despite a significant increase in Ankara's public diplomacy activities in the EU, these efforts have not led to any long term results. The deal did not provide solutions to the migration crisis in Europe, or to the acceleration of the process of Turkey's integration with the EU.
Dr. Karol Kujawa is an analyst specializing in the Middle East, Balkans and European Neighbourhood Policy. He obtained his Ph.D. from Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. Prior to his doctoral work, he was a fellow at the Center for Russian and East European Studies at the University of Pittsburgh (USA), Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales (France), University of Zagreb (Croatia), and Mersin University (Turkey). He used to work as a senior analyst on Turkey and the Balkans in the Polish Institute of International Affairs in Warsaw, a government think tank. He has been a lecturer at the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Germany), Department of Asian Studies at Adam Mickiewicz University (Poland), and Gazikent University (Turkey). He has published more than 100 articles and has given numerous interviews for the Polish and foreign media. Currently, he is an assistant professor at the Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University in Turkey and a Kosciuszko Foundation Fellow in the U.S.