Disaster Risk Management of Interdependent Infrastructure Systems for Community Resilience Planning
Advisor: Prof. Eun Jeong Cha
Date: Monday, March 11, 2019, 1:00 pm
Location: Newmark Civil Engineering Lab, Quade Conference Room
This research focuses on developing methodologies to model the damage and recovery of interdependent infrastructure systems under disruptive events for community resilience planning. The overall research can be broadly divided into two parts: developing a model to simulate the post-disaster performance of interdependent infrastructure systems, and developing decision frameworks to support pre-disaster risk mitigation and post-disaster recovery planning of the interdependent infrastructure systems towards higher resilience.
The Dynamic Integrated Network (DIN) model is proposed in this study to simulate the performance of interdependent infrastructure systems over time following disruptive events. It is capable of considering three different levels of interdependent relationships between different infrastructure systems: system-to-system level, system-to-facility level and facility-to-facility level. The uncertainties in some of the modeling parameters are modeled. The DIN model first assesses the inoperability of the network nodes and links over time to simulate the damage and recovery of the interdependent infrastructure facilities, and then assesses the recovery and resilience of the individual infrastructure systems and the integrated network utilizing some network performance metrics. The recovery simulation result from the proposed model is compared to two conventional models, one with no interdependency considered, and the other one with only system-level interdependencies considered.
The comparison results suggest that ignoring the interdependencies between facilities in different infrastructure systems would lead to poorly informed decision making. The DIN model is validated through simulating the recovery of the interdependent power, water and cellular systems of Galveston City, Texas after Hurricane Ike (2008). Implementing strategic pre-disaster risk mitigation plan to improve the resilience of the interdependent infrastructure systems is essential for enhancing the social security and economic prosperity of a community. Majority of the existing infrastructure risk mitigation studies or projects focus on a single infrastructure system, which may not be the most efficient and effective way to mitigate the loss and enhance the overall community disaster resilience. This research proposes a risk-informed decision framework which could support the pre-disaster risk mitigation planning of several interdependent infrastructure systems. The characteristics of the Interdependent Infrastructure Risk Mitigation (IIRM) decision problem, such as objective, decision makers, constraints, etc., are clearly identified. A four-stage decision framework to solve the IIRM problem is also presented. The application of the proposed IIRM decision framework is illustrated using a case study on pre-disaster risk mitigation planning for the interdependent critical infrastructure systems in Jamaica. The outcome of the IIRM problem is useful for the decision makers to allocate limited risk mitigation budget or resources to the most critical infrastructure facilities in different systems to achieve greater community disaster resilience.
Optimizing the post-disaster recovery of damaged infrastructure systems is essential to alleviate the adverse impacts of natural disasters to communities and enhance their disaster resilience. As a result of infrastructure interdependencies, the complete functional restoration of a facility in one infrastructure system relies on not only the physical recovery of itself, but also the recovery of the facilities in other systems that it depends on. This study introduces the Interdependent Infrastructure Recovery Planning (IIRP) problem, which aims at optimizing the assignment and scheduling of the repair teams for an infrastructure system with considering the repair plan of the other infrastructure systems during the post-disaster recovery phase. Key characteristics of the IIRP problem are identified and a game theory-based IIRP decision framework is presented. Two recovery time-based performance metrics are introduced and applied to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the post-disaster recovery plan. The IIRP decision framework is illustrated using the interdependent power and water systems of the Centerville virtual community subjected to seismic hazard.