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Institute for Condensed Matter Theory Seminar:  Two-level systems in structural glasses

Event Type
The Physics Department & The Institute for Condensed Matter Theory
via Zoom
wifi event
Apr 26, 2021   12:00 pm  
Francesco Zamponi,
Originating Calendar
Physics - Institute for Condensed Matter Theory Seminar

 Abstract: Amorphous solids exhibit quasi-universal low-temperature anomalies whose origin has been ascribed to localized tunneling defects. Using an advanced Monte Carlo procedure, we created in silico glasses spanning from hyperquenched to ultrastable glasses. By means of a multidimensional path-finding protocol, we then located tunneling defects with low enough energy splittings, such that they are active at the temperature below which quantum effects are relevant (around 1K in most experiments). We found that as the stability of a glass increases, its energy landscape as well as the manner in which it is probed tend to deplete the density of tunneling defects, as observed in recent experiments. We also explored the real-space nature of tunneling defects, and found that they are mostly localized to a few atoms, but are occasionally dramatically delocalized. After a general introduction to the problem, I will discuss these results, and some ongoing follow-up work.

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