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Prof. Gregory Hartland, University of Notre Dame, "Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Single Plasmonic Nanostructures"

Event Type
Prof. Prashant Jain
Sep 18, 2024   2:00 - 3:00 pm  
Randy Prince
Originating Calendar
Chemistry - Physical Chemistry Seminars

Metal nanostructures display several types of resonances. In the visible and near-IR spectral regions, there are localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) that involve the coherent oscillation of the conduction electrons. Extended metal nanostructures, such as nanowires or nanoplates, also exhibit propagating surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), which are motions of the electrons at the surface of the structure that have a well-defined momentum. In addition, the vibrational modes of metal nanostructures give rise to low frequency resonances in the GHz to THz range. These different types of resonances suffer energy losses from internal effects and from interactions with the environment. The goal of this talk is to describe the part of the energy relaxation process due to the environment. Even though plasmons and acoustic vibrations arise from very different physics, it turns out that damping is dominated by radiation of waves. The way the rates for radiation damping depend on the size of the nanostructure and the properties of the environment will be discussed. Examples of applications enabled by the control of radiation damping will also be discussed, such as the use of metal nanostructures as nanoscale mass balances.  

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